Imbalu Dance by Bagishu

Uganda’s culture is as diverse as its wildlife with over 58 tribes each with its own language, music, traditions, beliefs, dances, craft and others, as far as culture is concerned. Ugandans are very friendly and welcoming people thus making the country a perfect one where travelers can conduct their cultural encounters from. Uganda comprises of a wide range of ethnic groups such as the Bantu, which is the common one and these include; Baganda, Basoga, Bakiga, Bagisu, Banyankoole, Banyoro, and Batooro, among many other tribes. Most of the national parks in Uganda offer the cultural encounters where travelers will interact with the local people who live near that particular Park you will have visited and you enjoy their amazing culture, which includes; energetic dances, traditional songs, way of clothing, and various artifacts made by them, and you will also get to know some interesting brief stories about them. Some of the best tribes to interact with, during your cultural encounters in Uganda include;


The Batwa, commonly known as pygmies, are very unique and endangered group of people living in south-western Uganda, in the districts of Kisoro and Kabale. They are the original people of the rainforests who are believed to have been migrated from the Ituri Forest of the Democratic Republic of Congo in search of wild animals to hunt, hence the name Kisoro, literally meaning “an area filled up with wild animals”. The Batwa live in small huts mainly made from sticks and grass from the forests they do live in. The Batwa really love living in the forests to an extent that there is a saying that ‘’A Mu-twa loves the forest as much as he loves his own body – a Mu-twa is a singular of Batwa.

Batwa People

The Batwa are really very amazing and will offer you with an extra-ordinary cultural encounter once you visit Bwindi and Mgahinga National Parks, where the Batwa live most as they protect the endangered mountain gorillas. The Batwa Trail allows you to see the forest through the eyes of the first people of – the Batwa Pygmy people and allows them some reasonable income that will improve on their standards of living. Therefore, take the Batwa Trail and learn much of the Batwa ways and end with the energetic and interesting dances of the Batwa in their natural caves accompanied with their traditional songs, and drumming. Finally after interacting with the Batwa, you will have learnt the ancient ways of hunting and gathering that the Batwa People used and how they lived in the ancient forest.


The Bagisu people or Bagisu tribe, living in eastern Uganda along the slopes of Mount Elgon National Park, is arguably the most horrifying patriarchal tribe, especially with their traditional belief of male circumcision, locally known as IMBALU. The Bagisu, also known as Bamasaaba, have their fierce traditional belief that a man is considered to be a man after performing the circumcision ritual (Imbalu). Unlike the Muslims’ circumcision where males are circumcised at an early age, for the Bagisu the circumcision takes place mostly among the youths and old men. As a tradition, all Bagisu men must be circumcised and this ritual would take place for over a week as the male ‘to be circumcised’ should first dance (Kadodi dance) from one village to another while the other ‘already circumcised’ Bagisu are drumming and dancing together with him such that he gains confidence before being circumcised.

Imbalu Dance

Streaked with flour and decorated with traditional beads and bungles, the circumcision candidates dance in preparation for circumcision and this ritual is a must to every Mugisu regardless of which place you are in – the motherland of the Bagisu is Mbale in eastern Uganda. This ritual is really very amazing, especially during the time of dancing though the actual day of circumcision is surely scary, since the ‘to be circumcised Mugisu’ is put in public and then circumcised using a very sharp knife by an expert – this ritual showcases the braveness of the Bagisu. The Imbalu circumcision rituals in Bagisu aim at strengthening cultural continuity by enhancing the passing over of cultural responsibilities and ideologies from older generations to young ones. Visit the eastern part of Uganda (Mbale) to know more of this unique Ugandan tribe, including its religious belief, political set-up, inheritance patterns, economy, language, major foods and many others.


As the name of the country states (Uganda), the Baganda are the most popular people in the country and they can be found all over the country though they basically base in the central parts of Uganda. The most unique thing with the Baganda is their 52 clans, of which any of a Muganda has his or her particular clan he or she lies in. And it is in their tradition that Baganda in the same clan can’t get married to each other because they are regarded as siblings even though they don’t come from the same family. Some of the most popular Baganda clans in the Buganda nation include; Mamba (Lung fish), Ffumbe (Civet cat), Lugave (Pangolin), Ngabi (Bushbuck or Kob), Mbogo (Buffalo), Mpologoma (Lion), Njovu (Elephant), Ngo (Leopard), Nkula (Rhino), Abalangiira (Princes and Princesses), Nte (Cow), Nyonyi Nyange (Egret), Ngoma (Drum), among others, and each of those clans has a clan leader.

You can visit some of the Baganda cultural sites for more interesting and memorable experience. Some of the cultural sites to visit in the Buganda nation include; Lubiri palace, Bulange Mengo, Kabaka/King’s lake, and the Kasubi tombs, among others.


The other interesting tribe/people to interact with are the Karamajong who look similar with Kenya’s Masai right from their way of clothing and living and culture at large – their entire life rotates on the cattle they greatly rear. The Karamajong live in the northern parts of Uganda near one of Uganda’s and East Africa’s most remarkable national parks – Kidepo Valley National Park.

Karimojong Building Manyatta


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